Creationism


Creationism
also referred to as creation theology is the belief that humans, life, the Earth, and the universe were created by a supreme being or deity's supernatural intervention. The intervention may be seen either as an act of creation from nothing (ex nihilo) or the emergence of order from pre-existing chaos.
• Day-age creationism - a type of Old Earth creationism, it is an effort to reconcile Creation as presented in Genesis with modern scientific theories on the age of the Universe. It holds that the six days referred to in Genesis are not ordinary 24-hour days, but are much longer periods, thus interpreting Genesis as cosmic evolution.
• Evolutionary creationism - A lesser used term for theistic evolution, the general opinion that some or all classical religious teachings about God and creation are compatible with some or all of the modern scientific understanding about biological evolution. Theistic evolution is not a theory in the scientific sense, but a particular view about how the science of evolution relates to some religious interpretations.
• Gap creationism - also called Restitution creationism or Ruin-Reconstruction, are terms used to describe a particular set of Christian beliefs about the creation of the Universe and the origin of man. The concept of the Gap Theory is widely thought to have been promulgated by William Buckland and Thomas Chalmers in the early 19th century, though some adherents maintain that it can be traced back to biblical times. Certainly it became quite popular when it was promoted by the Scofield Reference Bible in 1909.
• Old Earth creationism - a variant of the creationist view of the origin of the universe and life on Earth. As a theory of origins it is typically more compatible with mainstream scientific thought on the issues of geology, cosmology and the age of the Earth, in comparison to Young Earth creationism.
• Young Earth creationism - the religious belief that Heaven, Earth, and life on Earth were created by a direct act of God dating between 6,000 and 10,000 years ago. Its adherents are those Christians, Jews and Muslims who believe that God created the Earth in six 24-hour days, taking the Hebrew text of Genesis as a literal account.
• Omphalos creationism - named after the title of an 1857 book, Omphalos by Philip Henry Gosse, in which Gosse argued that in order for the world to be "functional", God must have created the Earth with mountains and canyons, trees with growth rings, Adam and Eve with hair, fingernails, and navels (omphalos is Greek for "navel"), and that therefore no evidence that we can see of the presumed age of the earth and universe can be taken as reliable. The idea has seen some revival in the 20th century by some modern creationists, who have extended the argument to light that appears to originate in far-off stars and galaxies, although many other creationists reject this explanation (and also believe that Adam and Eve had no navels).

Mini philosophy glossary . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Creationism — can also refer to creation myths, or to a concept about the origin of the soul. For the movement in Spanish literature, see Creacionismo. Part of a series on Creationism …   Wikipedia

  • Creationism — • (1) In the widest sense, the doctrine that the material of the universe was created by God out of no pre existing subject (2) Less widely, the doctrine that the various species of living beings were immediately and directly created or produced… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • creaţionism — CREAŢIONÍSM s.n. Concepţie teologică potrivit căreia sufletul fiecărui individ provine, prin creaţie nemijlocită, de la Dumnezeu, afirmându se astfel că sufletul este un principiu deosebit de trup. [pr.: cre a ţi o ] – Din fr. créationisme.… …   Dicționar Român

  • creationism —    Creationism is the belief that the universe and the creatures within it were were created by God. It has been especially reasserted, among some Protestant groups, in opposition to the theory of evolution.    The publication of Charles Darwin s …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Creationism — Cre*a tion*ism ( ?z m), n. The doctrine that a soul is specially created for each human being as soon as it is formed in the womb; opposed to traducianism. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • creationism — 1847, originally a Christian theological position that God immediately created a soul for each person born; from CREATION (Cf. creation) + ISM (Cf. ism). As a name for the religious reaction to Darwin, opposed to evolution, it is attested from… …   Etymology dictionary

  • creationism — [krē ā′shəniz΄əm] n. Theol. 1. the doctrine that God creates a new soul for every human being born: opposed to TRADUCIANISM 2. the doctrine that ascribes the origin of matter, species, etc. to an act of creation by God, specif. to God s creation… …   English World dictionary

  • creationism — creationist, n., adj. creationistic, adj. /kree ay sheuh niz euhm/, n. 1. the doctrine that matter and all things were created, substantially as they now exist, by an omnipotent Creator, and not gradually evolved or developed. 2. (sometimes cap.) …   Universalium

  • creationism —    This term is used to describe two different views: (1) modern creationism, as a reaction to the theory ofevolution, maintains that the Creation accounts in the Book of Genesis are scientific explanations and so literally true; and (2)… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • creationism — [[t]krie͟ɪʃ(ə)nɪzəm[/t]] N UNCOUNT Creationism is the belief that the account of the creation of the universe in the Bible is true, and that the theory of evolution is incorrect …   English dictionary


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